Findings from recent research suggest that lesbians and bisexual women are at greater risk for alcohol and drug use disorders and related problems, and that gay and bisexual men are at greater risk for illicit drug use and related problems. Trend analysis of medical publications about LGBT persons: It may be that providing sexual minority youth with a safe and LGBT friendly community center may prevent future problems with AOD use, while also being able to offer LBGT-competent outpatient substance abuse treatment and referrals to more intensive treatment for those who need it. It is possible that their findings differ from previous research due to their inclusion of individuals who were recruited from non-club social venues e. The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding entities.
Parts of this manuscript were included in the doctoral dissertation by Kelly E.
Gay-Friendly Drug Rehab Centers
Community-based programs specifically for LGBT adolescents and young adults are particularly important given the enhanced need to assist this young group with 1 disclosing their sexual minority identity, 2 issues of family rejection, 3 lack of housing and other stability factors particularly those experiencing family rejectionand the 4 need for a safe environment given extreme levels of abuse and harassment due to their gender expression. Substance Abuse and Dependence Among the LGBTQ Population Since the late s, when substance abuse research first began to include lesbian, gay, and bisexual LGB subjects in study findings, scientists have reported significantly higher overall rates of substance use and substance use disorders among sexual minorities as compared to their heterosexual counterparts. Additionally, treatment outcome studies should compare LGB-specific protocols to identical protocols that lack the LGB-specific content in order to gain better understanding of the impact of LGB-specific content. These issues and other cultural norms need to be addressed in treatment. Being forced to reside with their birth gender may perpetuate the stigma, and resultant mental and emotional struggles, that contributed to the substance abuse to begin with. Brubaker, Garrett, and Dew recently reviewed the literature on the relationship between internalized heterosexism and substance abuse in LGB populations, and they reported that the majority of studies found at least partial, if not full, support for the hypothesized positive associations between internalized heterosexism and alcohol use, drug use, and alcohol- and drug-related problems.
Journal Contemp Human Serv. Use of heavier drinking contexts among heterosexual, homosexuals and bisexuals: Results indicated that exclusively heterosexual men were more likely to abstain from alcohol than gay men, and exclusively heterosexual women were more likely to abstain from alcohol than lesbians, bisexual women, or heterosexual women with same-sex partners. Results demonstrated that, across all dimensions of sexual orientation, non-heterosexual orientation generally was associated with increased likelihood for substance use and dependence, and that sexual minority effects across all dimensions on substance use and dependence consistently were larger for women than men. This article reviews findings from previous studies and utilizes new data collected from community-based and residential substance abuse treatment programs to 1 examine issues relevant to LBT women and substance use, and 2 make recommendations for tailoring substance abuse treatment programs to meet the needs of these populations. Their study focused exclusively on undergraduate students, whereas their study included a nationally representative sample of adults age 20 or older. Moreover, to prevent future AOD use, community-based recovery services and activities must be developed in which LBT women feel comfortable attending.